Next Part II Exam

April 30 - May 3, 2025

Part II Certification Examination

The Final Step to Board Certification

As the final step to earning your board certification in physical medicine and rehabilitation, the ABPMR Part II Certification Examination goes beyond a test of knowledge.

Rather than selecting from a set of options as in the Part I Examination, Part II candidates apply the medical knowledge they’ve accumulated over their training to come up with their own answers and strategies for managing specific patient scenarios.

In fact, psychometric data analyses continue to show that the Part II Examination evaluates different skills than the Part I Examination. The oral exam tests how a candidate applies their medical knowledge in the competencies taught in residency training including patient management, problem solving, systems-based practice and interpersonal and communication skills.

The ABPMR Part II Examination is offered virtually via video conferencing software. Candidates take the exam during a scheduled time on their computers at home, the workplace, or other quiet location.

Read on for more information on Part II Examination content and policies, and please don’t hesitate to contact the board office with any questions.

The Exam

  • Two 50-minute exam sessions
  • Two examiners per session
  • Four patient vignettes per session
  • One 10-minute break between sessions
  • 100 minutes active testing time

Examination Domains

The Part II Examination is designed to test how well a candidate applies their medical knowledge to real-life patient scenarios (vignettes).

Candidates are evaluated on the competencies taught in residency training, including data acquisition, problem solving, patient management, systems-based practice, and interpersonal and communication skills. These competencies comprise the examination domains A-E.

Each domain is administered and scored independently—how a candidate performs in Domain A has no bearing on their score for Domain B, for example. As candidates move through each vignette, examiners will provide all of the information necessary to answer the questions within the current domain only.

  • Domain A: Data Acquisition

    This domain is used to evaluate the acquisition of data that is critical to the provision of quality patient care. The appropriateness of the critical data identified by the candidate should be reflected in this rating. The components of this domain include:

    • patient history
    • physical examination components
    • functional evaluation
    • response to psychosocial aspects of illness and functional limitations

    This domain addresses the following question: Did the candidate identify the appropriate data required to correctly diagnose and manage the patient?

  • Domain B: Problem Solving

    This domain addresses the appropriateness of the candidate’s organization of data collection activities in relation to patient management decisions. The components of this domain include:

    • integration of medical knowledge with clinical data
    • prioritization of rehabilitation goals and medical issues/formulation of management plan
    • generation of a differential diagnosis
    • use of evidence-based medicine
    • application of research and statistical methods
    • use of information technology

    This domain addresses the following question: Did the candidate, in an appropriately organized manner, collect data to select among reasonable alternative diagnoses while ensuring patient stabilization and anticipating future problems or support requirements?

  • Domain C: Patient Management

    This domain addresses patient treatment decisions and the sequence of management actions. The components of this domain include:

    • medication prescriptions
    • exercise and modality prescriptions
    • durable medical equipment prescriptions
    • therapeutic and diagnostic injections
    • use of evidence-based medicine
    • comprehensive therapeutic care plan including patient monitoring and followup
    • promotion of health and function and prevention of disease and injury
    • management of complex medical problems

    This domain addresses the following question: Did the candidate treat or direct the appropriate treatment(s) at the appropriate times? Did the candidate efficiently arrive at an informed and appropriate management plan?

  • Domain D: Systems-Based Practice

    This domain addresses the candidate’s ability to operate within the healthcare system to supplement patient management. The components of this domain include:

    • knowledge of practice and delivery systems
    • evaluation of risks, benefits, limitations, and costs of available resources
    • resource use/justification
    • outcomes
    • healthcare referrals
    • team management

    This domain addresses the following question: Did the treatment plan include proper referral of the patient at an appropriate time? Did the candidate properly take risks and benefits into account when formulating a plan of care?

  • Domain E: Interpersonal and Communication Skills

    This domain rates the demonstrated concern, knowledge, and skill of the candidate in dealing with the patient’s questions and concerns, as well as with the concerns of the patient’s family. The components of this domain include:

    • communication skills with patients, families, and health professionals
    • listening skills
    • demonstration of compassion, sensitivity, and respect for patients, families, and colleagues
    • sensitivity to diversity issues
    • ethics/professionalism

    This domain addresses the following question: Is the candidate able to provide appropriate explanations and respond ethically and sensitively to the patient and/or the patient’s family? Can the candidate communicate effectively and ethically with consultants and hospital support staff as well as other interested parties?

The Oral Exam

Exam Sessions

Examination sessions are scheduled throughout each administration, approximately three hours apart. Each candidate will complete two 50-minute examination sessions separated by a short break. From the check-in process through both examination sessions, candidates should plan on a total of 2½ to 3 hours for the examination.

Exam Content

The Part II Examination consists of:

  • Two 50-minute examination sessions with a 10-minute break in between

Each 50-minute exam session consists of:

  • Two Part II examiners
  • Four patient vignettes

Over the course of the 110 minutes, candidates will encounter four examiners and manage eight patient vignettes.

Examiners will begin each vignette by presenting a clinical case description and then ask the candidate questions about that case. As the examiners lead the candidate through all five domains (see descriptions above), they will provide additional details regarding evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment. The information needed to answer each domain’s question(s) will be provided within that domain.

The vignettes are designed to provide an opportunity for the candidate to demonstrate application of knowledge to a patient scenario, including clinical skills, communication and interpersonal skills, and systems knowledge. Vignettes are structured specifically for the Part II Examination and are not intended to replicate all aspects of an actual case seen in practice.

Examiners and Examiner Conflicts

All ABPMR Part II examiners complete thorough training before administering the Part II Examination. Each examination session includes two examiners assessing a single candidate’s performance, which helps to promote score reliability.

Before the scheduling process, examiners review a list of Part II Examination candidates to ensure they are not paired with a candidate familiar to them. If candidates recognize an examiner or have any other conflict of interest concerns at the start of an exam session, they should immediately notify the proctor observing the exam.

Exam Administration

The two examiners in each exam session will take turns leading the candidate through the four patient vignettes in the 50 minutes allotted. It is the examiners’ responsibility to watch the time and move candidates through the vignettes; candidates should not worry about keeping time.

Although examiners administer the vignettes individually, both examiners in each session will evaluate the candidate on all four vignettes. Examiners may take notes throughout the session on all vignettes in order to formulate an evaluation. Candidates should remember that all four of their examiners are working independently of the others; no examiner knows how a candidate scored in another session or how their partner examiner is scoring the candidate in the same session.

All examination sessions are recorded for quality assurance and exam security.

Candidates should remember that the Part II Examination is an evaluation, not an educational experience. Examiners are instructed to not give feedback to candidates during or after the examination.

Taking notes on a clipboard

Part II Examination Performance FAQ

Because the Part II Examination is an interactive process, we recommend that candidates practice patient scenarios with a mentor or study partner, taking a case through all five domains of the examination, to prepare for the exam. For more preparation tips, check out our Preparation Tips sheet or the Test-taking tips on our Exam Day page.

What are examiners looking for?

The Part I Examination is a test of your medical knowledge. The Part II Examination is a test of how well you can apply your medical knowledge and other skills to patient care—because providing good PM&R care goes beyond medical knowledge.

For example, you may know the etiology of ankylosing spondylitis, but how well do you target exactly which data and testing you need to make a diagnosis, including a differential? What tools do you use when a patient asks for an out-of-network referral? How do you respond to the patient’s family when they’re concerned about future complications?

The Domain descriptions above provide good information about the different elements examiners are looking for as you move through the case and manage your patient. Just keep in mind that this exam brings together all parts of your training—your knowledge and skills, but also your empathy and ability to work in a system—and evaluates how well you apply them to your patients, including the thought process behind your decisions.

If I miss an important response in Domain A, will that affect me later in the vignette?

No. Missing something in one domain may affect your performance within that domain, but all domains are scored independently and you will be given all the information you need within each domain to answer that domain’s questions.

For example, if you miss an important aspect of the physical exam in Domain A, it may negatively impact your performance in that domain. However, at the start of Domain B, the examiner will give you the relevant patient history and physical exam findings that you need for the differential diagnosis and next steps in patient management. Your performance in Domain A doesn’t carry forward to Domain B, and the examiner will give you all the information you need as you move through the case.

What to Expect on Exam Day

After applying for the Part II Examination, it's time to start preparing.

Click the link below for more information on preparation and the logistics of exam day.

Part II Exam Day

People studying for an exam

Administrative Policies for Part II

The ABPMR’s administrative policies govern and protect our certification examinations. The policies related to the Part II Examination are listed and linked below.

  • Accommodations for Persons with Disabilities

    The ABPMR supports the Americans with Disabilities Act and makes reasonable accommodations in examination procedures for individuals with documented disabilities. Refer to the ABPMR Policy on Requesting Accommodations under the ADA and the Application for Accommodations Form.

  • Disruptive Behavior

    The ABPMR has the right to halt your session and remove you from the examination because of disruptive or unprofessional behavior. If you are removed from an examination because of disruptive behavior, no refund of fees will be available.

  • Late Arrival

    It is your responsibility to sign into your examination session 30 minutes early as instructed. The ABPMR cannot alter its administration of the examination for candidates who do not arrive in a timely manner. A process is in place and accommodations will be made for demonstrated technical issues, but candidates are also responsible for completing the pre-checks of equipment and internet before their exam sessions. Any candidate who is not available at the start of the check-in process will not be permitted to take the Part II Examination, and make-up examinations will not be available to late or missing candidates.

  • Irregularity, Nondisclosure, Cooperation

    All candidates are required to sign the ABPMR Examination Irregularity Policy, Nondisclosure Policy, and Cooperation Agreement as part of the application process prior to their scheduled examination and are required to adhere to those policies before, during, and after the exam.

  • Examination Research

    The ABPMR reserves the right to conduct and report research studies of its examinations and its examination data for the purposes of quality assurance, examination development, and benefit to the specialty. Individual candidate confidentiality will not be violated or compromised in these efforts.

  • Medical Licensure Policy

    Prior to the issuance of certification, applicants must report and attest to the possession of a current, valid, and unrestricted license to practice medicine in at least one jurisdiction in the United States, its territories, or Canada.

    If any license currently held by the candidate is restricted or qualified in any way, the applicant must provide full details of the restriction or qualification. The ABPMR may, in its sole discretion, determine whether to investigate any questions relating to the applicant’s licensure status. The ABPMR reserves the right to approve or deny the application after review. Read the complete ABPMR Licensure Policy for more information.

  • Part II Examination Appeal Policy

    All candidates are required to sign this policy prior to their examination. Read the complete ABPMR Appeals Policy and ABPMR Part II Examination Appeal Form for more information.

Exam Dates & Fees

Application Windows & Fees

October 1 - October 31, 2024

  • $1310 Fee
  • $600 Processing Fee

November 1 - November 15, 2024

  • $1310 Fee
  • $600 Processing Fee
  • $500 Late Fee



Exam Dates

April 30 - May 3, 2025